The article on Using audio in teaching and learning, by JISC Digital Media in 2013, stated that Audio can be used to enhance text resources, for example, providing comments or context to an academic paper. It can engage students’ attention when studying on their own or when learning difficult subject matter. Adding voice to text documents can also help enrich resources by including additional information, such as context or tone. The rationale for this is undeniable. Dale’s Cone of Experience tells us that we remember or retain more what we hear than what we read, and further down the cone is what we hear and see. After all, we take in more through sight and sound more than any other senses.
In a previous blog I made for another course, I shared my own experience with using sound over simply reading text. According to Wikipedia, a text-to-speech (TTS) system converts normal language text into speech. So if you have this feature, reading becomes more fun. Instead of just reading, you are actually hearing. I have decided early on that I was going to employ this tool in my reading requirements. The ibook app in my ipad has this built in as a feature. You just have to highlight the text you need to read, the whole page for example, and a pleasant female voice will read the text to you.
From an article on Learning styles on the Cortland.edu webpage, and loosely based on Dale’s Cone of Experience, Multi-sensory approaches work well because of the way our brain is organized. We retain information as follows:
- 10% of what they read
- 20% of what they hear
- 30% of what they see
- 50% of what they see and hear
- 70% of what they say
- 90% of what they say and do
For someone who lives a very busy life, with lots of distractions, I found that employing audio, even during my own reading sessions, really facilitates engagement that I don’t get by just reading.
JISC Digital Media. (2013). Using audio in teaching and learning. Retrieved from http://www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/guide/using-audio-in-teaching-and-learning/
Post, K. (n.d.). Using sound in the classroom. Retrieved from http://www.learnnc.org/lp/pages/5524
Recording audio voiceovers for teaching and learning materials. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/guide/recording-audio-voiceovers-for-teaching-and-learning-materials
Learning Styles. Retrieved from http://web.cortland.edu/andersmd/learning/Introduction.htm